The theme of the Econometric Game 2010 was the HIV/aids epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa, which was a socially relevant theme. Worldwide there are about 40 million people infected with HIV, of which 25 million people are living in Sub-Saharan Africa. There are up to ten countries in which more than 10% of the inhabitants are infected. In four of these countries, this is even over 20%.
The consequences for people infected with HIV are huge, not only for themselves but also for their near environment. In the case of a household where the provider gets infected, the family has not only got to deal with the emotional problems, but also has to take care of the economic fallback caused by the inability to work as much after the infection. The epidemic also has great consequences on a macro level. If more people get infected with HIV, the productivity of a country will decrease and therefore the government will receive less taxes while the costs of social security rises. Furthermore, most of the people in Sub-Saharan Africa do not have health insurance, while the medical costs for treating the illness rise the longer someone is infected.
To improve this situation it is of great importance to investigate how to implement certain policies efficiently. Obviously, there has to be enough medicine for everyone, but this will not stop the further spread of the decease. To prevent this, it is crucial that the effects of getting infected are recognized by people considered to be in a group of risk and that the importance of testing for HIV is clear.
The assignment of the Econometric Game 2010 was to model the willingness to take part in a voluntary HIV test.
The top 3 of the EG 2010:
- Monash University
- VU University Amsterdam
- Aarhus University